Antibiotics are capsules isolated from bacteria or fungi used in the remedy of infectious sicknesses. With the development of technology in the Arsenal of the medical doctors have anti-bacterial sellers, obtained with the aid of chemical method, appearing inside the identical way as antibiotics. For comfort, we are able to call antibiotics and tablets received by using artificial means.
There are 2 primary sort of action of antibiotics on micro organism: bacteriostatic and bactericidal. Antibiotics with bacteriostatic impact does no longer allow micro organism to multiply. Antibiotics with bactericidal effect cause dying of micro organism.
each group of antibiotics effective towards certain kinds of micro organism, which is associated with exclusive mechanisms of motion of these tablets. underneath are the most commonplace group of antibiotics, as well as the important diseases wherein they are implemented.
Penicillins are bactericidal. They smash the shell of micro organism and cause their dying.
The penicillins are wide-spectrum antibiotics because they're powerful in opposition to huge variety of micro organism: streptococci, staphylococci, causative agents of syphilis, gonorrhea, meningitis, and many others. Penicillins are used inside the treatment of inflammatory respiration illnesses (bronchitis, pneumonia), ENT-organs (sinusitis, tonsillitis), and a few other sicknesses.
Cephalosporins, like penicillin, ruin the shell the micro organism and feature a bactericidal motion. Cephalosporins this is a large group of antibiotics, which incorporates five generations of drugs:
Cephalosporins 1st generation: Cefazolin, Cephalexin (Lexin). almost always, those antibiotics are used within the remedy of illnesses of the skin and smooth tissues (muscle groups, subcutaneous fat), because of staphylococci and streptococci: furuncle, carbuncle, erysipelas, and so forth.
Cephalosporins 2d era: Cefaclor, Cefuroxime (Zinacef), Cefoxitin etc. usually used in the remedy of infectious breathing sicknesses (bronchitis, pneumonia), illnesses of ENT organs (tonsillitis, sore throat, sinusitis) and a few different.
Cephalosporins three era Cefixim, Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime (Orsid), and so forth. pretty commonly used within the treatment of various infectious sicknesses of the breathing gadget (bronchitis, pneumonia, and so on.), ENT illnesses (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, otitis, and many others.), as well as powerful in meningitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, gynecological illnesses (endometritis, cervicitis), and so on.
Cephalosporins 4th era: Cefepime is used inside the remedy of significant infectious diseases wherein different drugs are useless: bronchitis, pneumonia, peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum), pyelonephritis, meningitis, and so on.
fifth era cephalosporins: Ceftobiprole used in the remedy of excessive infekcii in people with weakened immune systems (e.g. diabetes) and are effective for illnesses as a result of Escherichia coli (e.coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus immune to other antibiotics.
Macrolides are antibiotics with a wide spectrum of moves.
Macrolides have a bacteriostatic impact. the primary advantage of this organization of antibiotics is the capability to penetrate cells, that are once in a while "hidden" germs. typically, antibiotics from the macrolides used in the treatment of infections caused by chlamydia (chlamydia), Mycoplasma (mycoplasmosis), Toxoplasma (toxoplasmosis), as well as in infectious sicknesses of the ears (otitis) and throat (pharyngitis), and many others.
This group of antibiotics has bacteriostatic effect. Tetracyclines are used inside the treatment of chlamydia, Mycoplasma, syphilis, gonorrhea, and cholera, typhus and other infectious illnesses.
The aminoglycosides consist of Gentamicin, Neomycin, Kanamycin, Amikacin and many others. typically those antibiotics are used within the treatment of sicknesses of the urinary tract (urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis), of boils (the appearance of severa boils) and a few different infections.
Fluoroquinolones is a group of antibiotics, along with: Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin and many others. Fluoroquinolones disrupt the synthesis of the genetic material of bacteria, which leads to their loss of life. generally, the antibiotics of this organization are used in infectious sicknesses of the breathing machine (bronchitis, pneumonia), urinary organs (cystitis, urethritis), ENT-organs (sinusitis, otitis) and prostatitis, meningitis, and so forth.
Levomitsetin is a huge - spectrum antibiotic, that is utilized in typhoid, brucellosis, meningitis and a few other infectious sicknesses.
Sulfonamides is Antibacterials, which consist of Streptocid, Co-trimoxazole, Sulfadiazine, Biseptol, Trimethoprim, Sulfalen, and many others. Sulfonamides have a bacteriostatic impact and are utilized in various sicknesses of the urinary tract (cystitis, pyelonephritis), digestive device (gastroenteritis, enterocolitis), respiration system (bronchitis, pneumonia), and so forth.
Metronidazole is an antibacterial drug this is manufactured underneath special exchange names: Klion, Metrogyl, Trichopolum, Glaygl etc. This drug is used within the treatment of numerous illnesses, inclusive of bronchitis, pneumonia, giardiasis, amebiasis, trichomoniasis and so forth.
Enteroseptol and uroseptic
amongst antibacterial pills in special institution emit enteroseptol (products used in the remedy of illnesses of the digestive machine) and uroseptic (effective for urinary tract infections).